Name: Marcela Vieira Calmon
Type: PhD thesis
Publication date: 13/08/2021

Namesort descending Role
Maria Helena Monteiro de Barros Miotto Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Ana Paula Santana Coelho Almeida Internal Examiner *
Daniela Feu Rosa Kroeff de Souza Laignier External Examiner *
Elizabete Regina Araújo de Oliveira Internal Alternate *
Luciane Bresciani Salaroli Internal Examiner *
Ludmilla Awad Barcellos External Examiner *
Maria Helena Monteiro de Barros Miotto Advisor *

Summary: Introduction: Adolescence for Dentistry represents a period considered at risk in relation to oral health problems due to a greater risk for numerous oral problems, due to the limited control of dental biofilm and the reduction in oral hygiene care. Objective: To assess the impact of oral disorders on quality of life; the relationship between oral health and happiness; and the associations between quality of life and happiness and sociodemographic variables, oral clinics and use of dental services in adolescents. Methods: The sample consisted of 387 adolescents from 05 public schools in urban and rural areas. Four structured scripts were applied and visual tactile clinical examination was performed. Quality of life associated with oral health was verified by the OHIP-14. Happiness has been verified by SHS. The association between the variables was verified by statistical tests: Test T; Chi-Square Test; Fischer`s exact test; Mantel-Haenzsel Test; Cross Products Ratio Test (OR). Logistic regression models were adjusted for each dimension of the OHIP and t-test for the association between quality of life related to oral health and happiness. Results: The frequency of impact of oral condition on quality of life was 26.4%. Living in rural areas was associated with a lower impact of oral health on quality of life (p=0,017). Caries and tooth loss were statistically significant, however, when logistic regression was performed, the greatest prediction of the impact of oral health on adolescents` lives was associated with sex [OR 1,760 (1,078-2,875)], halitosis [OR 2,383 (1,405-4,041)] and crowding [OR 2,072 (1,262-3,401)]. An average of 4.84 happiness was found among adolescents. Being male (p=0,011), being between 17 and 19 years old (p=0,019), living and studying in the rural area (p=0,000) were associated with better levels of happiness. Furthermore, a positive relationship was found between happiness and quality of life related to oral health in adolescents (p=0,001). Final considerations: These results are important to redirect oral health care to this specific group. Based on the impact of oral conditions on adolescents, health promotion efforts should be at the center of public health policies for this population, as oral health problems are mostly cumulative and will worsen over time.

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