Name: Andressa Alves Nunes
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 03/09/2019
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Angelica Espinosa Barbosa Miranda Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Angelica Espinosa Barbosa Miranda Advisor *
Cândida Caniçali Primo Internal Examiner *
Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel Internal Alternate *
Gustavo Enrico Cabral Ruschi External Alternate *
Neide Aparecida Tosato Boldrini External Examiner *
Thiago Nascimento do Prado Co advisor *

Summary: Most of the women imprisoned are mostly young, single, have children, have a low
level of education and a low family income. In general, prior to incarceration, they had
no labor stability, as they performed low-skilled and low-wage jobs or were in an
unemployed situation. Some studies indicate that these populations bring with them
life histories marked by poor family ties, early loss of parents, low levels of sociability
and access to education, and various forms of violence. In addition, they make up a
population at risk for sexually transmitted infections and chronic infections, as they
often exhibit risky behaviors that include drug-related activities and the exchange of
sex for drugs. This study is aimed to describe the profile of women deprived of liberty
in the metropolitan region of Espírito Santo. This is an observational, quantitative
descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in 2019. A validated questionnaire was
applied in a previous study containing questions about socio-demographic, criminal,
behavioral and clinical aspects; Data were systematized and analyzed by SPSS
version 20.0. A total of 183 participants were included in the study. They had a mean
age of 36 years (SD = 10.4), aged between 19 and 64 years. Of these, 79 (43.2%) are
married or live together maritally and 70 (38%) are single. Regarding race, 135 (74%)
belonged to the non-white race. As for education, most of them 93 (51%) have
completed high school. A bivariate analysis was performed to assess the association
between drug use and sociodemographic aspects. It was observed that there is a
higher prevalence of illicit drug use among single women (p = 0.001) and among those
who performed domestic activities (p = 0.004). . The most frequent variables in drug
users, were not performing non-tubal ligation (p = 0.002), homosexual experience (p =
0.00007) at some stage in these women's lives, and prostitution (p = 0.006). The profile
presented here represents the relationship between the population with the highest
socioeconomic vulnerability, the entry into crime through the husband and drug
trafficking as a pursuit of income. Given this, it is observed that the extent of their
involvement with illicit drug use, seems strong and prevalent, and is related to
sociodemographic, behavioral, clinical and criminal aspects; with access to sexual and
reproductive health care; and the types of violence suffered by their own use. In this
sense, interventions are needed to reduce the rates of women involved in crime and
drug addiction.

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